Connectivity and communication between networks and devices may seem like the critical technological advances allowing for the development of the Internet of Things, but the industry is more complex than that. In fact, the most important factors, which are now being developed as rapidly as possible, are the background infrastructure, in the form of huge databanks, and security systems which will protect the IoT from misuse and abuse. Connecting the controls of a car with a network adds unintended risks, and without proper security it won’t take long for the IoT to seem like a risk not worth taking.
Fortunately, we’re not headed straight back to the days of analog functionality and a lack of networks. Sensor development and production is booming and at the same time, engineers are working to create faster and more efficient data banks in order to keep up with the enormous amounts of information being transmitted and tracked between things and the cloud or the Internet.
Power is also going to need to be beefed up, and movement has already been detected in that industry. Short-range, low-power networks fill the gaps between WiFi and Ethernet and all the devices that are being connected to their networks and data centers. These intermediary networks will connect to hubs which then connect to broader networks. And the hubs, it turns out, have another role to play
How to Secure the System
Tiny sensors and actuators and huge databanks make up the hardware, but without protections from security breaches, they won’t be worth much. Authentication and encryption must consistently be more sophisticated in order to put off attacks from hackers. A lot of the security features will be concentrated in the hubs connecting the low-power networks to the Internet or the cloud.
The complexity required for the IoT to be both useful and secure is only going to increase asnetwork technologies develop and hackers get smarter. But the good news is that programmable logic is developing at least as quickly, giving the intermediary hubs the ability to parse application communications, computing loads, security tasks and protocols, and finally the power and distribution of data which will inevitably come through hubs.
The engineering solutions to the problems of data security and storage are becoming the most important solutions for the Internet of Things. Thankfully, those solutions are developing rapidly.